Chemistry is a very cool and interesting subject. There are a lot of fascinating things in this world. Chemicals are one of them as every object is made up of some elements or compounds. Our body contains chemical substances such as Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, Calcium, Phosphorus, etc. Some are necessary for life while some can take life. This time we have a list of the top 5 most dangerous chemical compounds in the world.
Dangerous can be vague if we look at nature. Some might categorize toxic compounds while some might list our corrosive compounds. Our list mostly contains corrosive compounds. They are however toxic in nature as well. This list is also a list of some of the most dangerous acid. It is good to have knowledge of substances so that we know what to be safe from.
Since the start of the study of chemistry, the use of chemicals as a weapon is growing. Many modern chemical compounds were invented during the world war. War brought both good and bad things but mostly negative things. Whatever the situation of time was, all we care now is about the chemicals.
It is very clear chemistry isn’t just for a good purpose. Though people try to use it for harmful purpose there are some chemicals that are extremely dangerous. This is a list of some of those highly dangerous chemicals.
5) Hydrogen Fluoride
Fans of the popular TV show Breaking Bad should have seen the potential of HF (Hydrogen Flouride). It is highly corrosive and it melts bodies and even the ceiling of the house. Well HF is pretty strong because it eats through glass, ceramic, wood, metal but not plastic especially Teflon. Hydrofluoric Acid isn’t super dangerous as shown in the show but it is very strong than other chemicals. It is a very dangerous poison. Inhaling gas or vapor can damage lungs. It can’t be found easily but can be synthesized by reacting Calcium Fluoride with mineral acid like HCL and passing the gas on water.
4) Piranha Solution
Piranha is known as a very dangerous creature. They are aggressive types of fish with very sharp teeth. Even though they have a small body, they are vile and eat the flesh of animals. It seems that observing that nature of Pirahna scientists named this solution as well.
HF is powerful than other normal acids but Pirahna solution is one step ahead. Piranha Solution is mixture of H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) and Sulfuric Acid(H2SO4). This solution is a very strong oxidizing agent. It can eat all the organic matter and just lay down a tar of black organic materials. It shows vigorous action with organic materials. If someone ought to put a piece of meat or whole dead chicken, it will turn it into black tar of burnt organic materials in small time.
3) Chlorine Trifluoride
This is a very dangerous chemical that was studied by the Germans to use during the war. Chlorine Trifluoride(ClF3) was developed for war purpose. The intended purpose was to use it to melt bunkers by creating a fluorine fire. The Fluorine fire is about 2400 degrees Celsius in temperature. It wasn’t used much because it is too much dangerous.
Chlorine Trifluoride is one of the strongest fluorinating agents. ClF3 and Piranha solution is used by semiconductor companies to clean their equipment. It is also used as an oxidizing agent. ClF3 can also eat through or burn through steel, iron, concrete, wood, soil, etc. This chemical is very dangerous and storing is a challenge. It is stored in airtight steel in a controlled condition.
2) Azidoazide Azide
Azidoazide Azide (C2N14) is a high-nitrogen energetic material. The name comes from popular naming “Azo”. Compounds with Nitrogen are named with “Azo”. For example, Azo-Benzene. It is a Benzene with Nitrogen bonded to it. In this compound, none of the Nitrogen atoms is in a triple bond.
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So this compound gives a lot of energy if reacted with any other compound. This is because the Nitrogen will get to a lower energy state and release a tremendous amount of energy. So there will be heat and even explosion. In 2010 German scientists and US Army tried to check its strength but they couldn’t complete the test because it exploded even without doing anything. C2N14 can explode if it reacts with water, light, air or comes in movement. It is one of the most reactive, hazardous explosive chemical on earth.
1) Fluoroantimonic Acid
This is the god of all the dangerous acid that will burn, corrode or do all nasty things. Its formula is H2FSbF6. It is the king of protonation and kind or the most dangerous or corrosive acids. After it donates all its hydrogen, its fluorine and antimony rip all the molecules and elements in its ways until it totally decomposes.
So it is highly hazardous to use. It can only be stored in Teflon containers in a controlled environment. It is very powerful than regular acids like Sulfuric acid, Hydrofluoric and Nitric Acid. We must have seen how much a concentrated H2SO4 can do, so it is unimaginable what Fluoroantimonic acid can do.
These compounds are rare, expensive and also dangerous. So getting hands on the highly dangerous chemical compounds is very hard. Also getting them on your hand will be a foolish and final mistake. Keep away from these substances but enjoy the knowledge of chemistry safe way.