5 Most Dangerous Chemical Compounds in the World

Top Most Dangerous Chemical

Chemistry is a very cool and interesting subject. There are a lot of fascinating things in this world of chemistry. We know that every object is made up of some elements or compounds. Our body contains chemical substances such as Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, Calcium, Phosphorus, etc. Our body, environment, the world is entirely made up of chemicals. Some are necessary for life, while some can take life. This is why we should have a good knowledge of them. Therefore we have made a list of the top 5 most dangerous chemical compounds in the world.

Dangerous can be vague if we look at specific nature. Some might categorize toxic compounds, while some might list out corrosive compounds. Our list mostly contains corrosive compounds. However, they are toxic in nature as well. This list is also a list of some of the most dangerous acid. It is good to have knowledge of substances so that we know what to be safe from because there are a lot of harmful chemicals.

Since the start of the study of chemistry, the use of chemicals as a weapon is growing. Many modern chemical compounds were invented during the world war. War brought both good and bad things but mostly negative things. Whatever the situation of time was, people have suffered due to the wrong handling of chemicals. It is very clear that chemistry isn’t just for a good purpose. Though people try to use it for harmful purposes, there are some acids that are extremely dangerous. This is a list of some of those highly dangerous chemicals that we should be careful of.


5) Hydrogen Fluoride

Fans of the popular TV show Breaking Bad should have seen the potential of HF (Hydrogen Flouride). It is highly corrosive, and it melts flesh and even the ceiling of the house. Well, HF is pretty strong because it eats through glass, ceramic, wood, metal but not plastic, especially Teflon. Hydrofluoric Acid isn’t super dangerous, as shown in the show, but it is powerful than other chemicals. It is a very dangerous poison. Inhaling gas or vapor can damage the lungs. It can’t be found easily but can be synthesized by reacting Calcium Fluoride with mineral acid like HCL and passing the gas on water.

Hydrogen Fluoride (HF)
Hydrogen Fluoride Structure

4) Piranha Solution

Piranha is known as a very dangerous creature. They are aggressive types of fish with very sharp teeth. Even though they have a small body, they are vile and eat the flesh of animals. It seems that observing the nature of Pirahna, scientists named this solution as well.

Piranha Solution Formula
Piranha Solution Formula

HF is powerful than other normal acids, but Pirahna solution is one step ahead. Piranha Solution is a mixture of H2O2 (Hydrogen Peroxide) and Sulfuric Acid(H2SO4). This solution is a very strong oxidizing agent. It can eat all the organic matter and just lay down a tar of black organic materials. It shows vigorous action with organic materials. If someone ought to put a piece of meat or whole dead chicken, it will turn it into black tar of burnt organic materials in a small time.

3) Chlorine Trifluoride

This is a very dangerous chemical that was studied by the Germans to use during the war. Chlorine Trifluoride(ClF3) was developed for war purposes. The intended purpose was to use it to melt bunkers by creating a fluorine fire. The Fluorine fire is about 2400 degrees Celsius in temperature. It wasn’t used much because it is too much dangerous.

Chlorine Trifluoride Structure (ClF3)
Structure of Chlorine Trifluoride

Chlorine Trifluoride is one of the strongest fluorinating agents. ClF3 and Piranha solution is used by semiconductor companies to clean their equipment. It is also used as an oxidizing agent. ClF3 can also eat through or burn through steel, iron, concrete, wood, soil, etc. This chemical is very dangerous, and storing is a challenge. It is stored in airtight steel in a controlled condition.

2) Azidoazide Azide

Azidoazide Azide (C2N14) is a high-nitrogen energetic material. The name comes from the popular naming “Azo”. Compounds with Nitrogen are named with “Azo”. For example, Azo-Benzene. It is a Benzene with Nitrogen bonded to it. In this compound, none of the Nitrogen atoms is in a triple bond.

Read More: Terror of Parthenium Hysterophorus

So this compound gives a lot of energy if reacted with any other compound. This is because the Nitrogen will get to a lower energy state and release a tremendous amount of energy. So there will be heat and even an explosion. In 2010, German scientists and US Army tried to check its strength, but they couldn’t complete the test because it exploded even without doing anything. C2N14 can explode if it reacts with water, light, air, or comes in movement. It is one of the most reactive, hazardous explosive chemicals on earth.

Azidoazide Azide Structure C2N14
Azidoazide Azide Formula

1) Fluoroantimonic Acid

This is the king of all the dangerous acid that will burn, corrode, or do all nasty things. Its formula is H2FSbF6. It is the king of protonation and kind or the most dangerous or corrosive acids. After it donates all its hydrogen, its fluorine and antimony rip all the molecules and elements in its ways until it totally decomposes.

So it is highly hazardous to use. It can only be stored in Teflon containers in a controlled environment. It is very powerful than regular acids like Sulfuric acid, Hydrofluoric, and Nitric Acid. We must have seen how much a concentrated H2SO4 can do, so it is unimaginable what Fluoroantimonic acid can do.

These compounds are rare, expensive, and also dangerous. So getting hands on the highly dangerous chemical compounds is very hard. Also, getting them on your hand will be a foolish and final mistake. Keep away from these substances but enjoy the knowledge of chemistry in a safe way.



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About the Author: Abhishek Chand

Structural Engineer by profession. Computer and smartphone enthusiast. Tech-savvy blogger and former Gadget reviewer of AP1 HD TV and TechnoNepal.

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