Mount Everest or Sagarmatha is the world’s highest peak. It is situated in South Asia in Nepal. The height of Mount Everest is 8848m or 29,030 ft. The glorious mountain falls in the Himalayan range. A lot of media and scientists are now talking about the consequences of global warming and carbon production. But a poor and developing country like Nepal is facing its harsh effects.
There was a research done in joint partnership by Nepal Science Technology Association and Italian Education ministry. They used an Italian Satellite to monitor Everest’s snow. The results are actually pretty sad. It showed that the rate of snowfall is less than melting. It means the snow is decreasing slowly. This why the mountain looks barren sometimes and there is less snow in Sagarmatha.
Many climbers say that they used to happily trek and climb on snow. But now they have to climb on black hard rocks in many places. Three years ago a camp was flooded by melted snow in Mt. Everest. This is a siren of the upcoming threat. Glacier lake outbursts are very dangerous and they are increasing. Many mountaineers say that the high wind is also blowing the snow away. Also, the melting rate is very high then falling and setting time.
Negative Impacts of Climate Change
The smaller lakes are now joining to build a bigger lake. The number of mountain glaciers and lakes is also increasing at a rapid rate. According to scientists, lakes are building up at a rate of 0.6 meters per year. This is a danger close state and our Himalayas are in danger. The climbers are complaining it is becoming hard to climb on Mt. Everest top. A few years back the top used to be sparkling white filled with snow but now there is less snow and more hard rock. It is harder to walk on rocks with crampons compared to snow.
The snowfall region has also shifted to 180m above the usual region. Less snowfall and faster melting also cause GLOF. Glacier Lake Outburst Flood of GLOF occurs when the lake bursts the glacier dam. They are now becoming a very big threat in the Himalayan region.
Climate change is one of the main reason that is aiding these changes. Increasing global temperatures is a major cause for such issues. Global warming and increasing greenhouse effect due to greenhouse gases are also contributing. The high Himalayan regions are the first to suffer the consequences of the world’s mistake. Nepal is paying the price of activities of bigger, richer, industrial countries. If this goes as it is, the whole world will pay the price.
Problems and Preservation
According to UNFCC, due to rapid snowmelt, Asian countries may have to suffer water problems. Nepal and India are already facing problems of water scarcity in urban and rural areas. Many people in these regions depend on running water from rivers coming from the mountain. They shift to using groundwater when they don’t get running water. Drinking water and water safety is a huge and critical issue for everyone in Nepal. According to a paper published in Geophysical Journal International, in 7 years the black carbon amount is Himalayan state has doubled. The black carbon is the most harmful because it contributes to more snow melt than any other types of carbon.
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Mount Everest is a marvel of nature. It lies in Sagarmatha National Park and it is UNESCO World Heritage site. We know industrial activities are important but we must also think of the future. If we keep on doing destruction at this pace, we won’t have many things we love. Climate change is going to affect mountains, lakes, rivers, forests, wildlife, and human lives. We now have to shift our focus and sustainable development and make radical changes to our ways of living so that our planet also lives for the future.