Nepal is a developing country and has a very low literacy rate. It is resided by people with low income in rural areas. These people don’t have enough money to provide their family two square meal a day. They also become unable to provide their family goo health facility, education and residence. Many people of Nepal and other such developing countries are leaving their country to work in gulf countries. They work as low paid workers to save and feed their family. But some of the people become the victim of a very serious problem i.e Organ Trade.
There are many underground brokers and mafias who lure and mislead people to sell their organs. CNN and many other medias have documentary on this. They indicate that Nepal is most affected country of human organ trade. The major market is India for such trade. Brokers and dealers come to lure poor and illiterate people to sell their organs. Many people in those documentary said that the dealers told them that selling one kidney would do them no harm. So for small amount of money they would sell their valuable organs.
Organ selling is illegal in Nepal. This is why people can only donate organs. Thus we see people asking for help in many cases. Usually family members donate organs if they match. All these demands of organs is there in black market because there are less donors. It is highly encouraged that people donate organs when possible. For example people sign up for donating eyes at Tilganga. Family members donate organs of their loved ones when they die in accident.
There is very high demand from Indian market and the victim are people of rural areas. The main cause if illiteracy and obviously poor economic condition of people. The compelling factor is survival and food which they buy from that money. People with just one kidney of such areas have lot of problem. The poor people need to work hard and with one kidney it is harder on them.
NGO, INGO and Government
Certainly there are many families in Nepal who are affected by this devil business. This is a severe problem after human trafficking in Nepal. Many times with the help of Nepal’s Intelligence Agency, Nepal Police, Indian Police and other N.G.O. like Maiti Nepal several girls and children have been saved from border before smuggling them to other country. Government also has many plans and rules to control this issue.