Two new particles discovered at Cern Laboratory
Two new particles discovered at Cern Laboratory

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a famous scientific machine or apparatus that is being used to study sub atomic particles like Higgs Boson. It is to understand the universe and science better. Scientists are in the verge of finding it. They have already found its energy region by two separate experiments. During many simulations and colliding particles at 99.9999% speed of light, two new particles named Xi_b’ and Xi_b* have been discovered. 

These new subatomic particles were discovered at Cern with LHC. It was done by smashing protons in near speed of light. Surprisingly they just have 6 times the weight of proton. These experiments use powerful computers, sensors to analyze the data, and predict the particles. The thing about these new sub atomic particles is that they have greater vibration and is harder to find.

The particles also can’t be collided at the light speed. Only near to light speed can be attained that is 99.9999%. The laws of physics won’t let anything travel at 100% speed of light, except photon. These particles are created at very high energy and should be found in fraction of seconds. These data and discovery will help scientists to give new ideas and concept. We are learning more about universe and its creation.

Experiment at Cern

The particles are accelerated in a 27 km long underground tube. These new particles are Baryons which are made up of quarks. The LHC at Cern is actually being used to create conditions of birth of universe which is Big Bang. This is the most popular theory and accepted more than any other theories. According to this, universe was once a singularity but then it all broke out. From that point it is expanding till now. All the experiments and data show that the universe is expanding very fast and is always accelerating.

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Graph of Cern's experiment that shows existence of Xi_b particles.
Graph of Cern’s experiment that shows existence of Xi_b particles. Image Credit: Cern, Ian Cuming/Ikon Image

Scientists have also predicted the magnetic spin of these new particles. The Xi_b particles are made up of one “down”, one “strange” and one “bottom” quark. The LC is planned to start working with high energy beams after upgrade on 2015. The aim is to simulate the Big Bang conditions. It helps to find the parties that were present on past and which are decayed now. Unlike protons and neutrons other sub atomic particles decay fast and are harder to spot.

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Higgs Boson is supposed to be the sub atomic particle that provides mass to atom or a body. Just like Graviton provides force of gravitation. These experiments will help in building new concepts of creation of our Universe. The result matched up with the prediction of Quantum Chromodynamics, which is fundamental theory that describes the interaction of particles of matter.

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